全国高考英语试题及答案 高一地理必修1知识点总结 高考新课标全国卷
2014 年全国统一考试新课标 II 卷英 语本试卷分第 I 卷（选择题）和第 II 卷（非选择题）两部分。
注意事项： 1．答第 I 卷前考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。
2．选出每小题答案前，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。
本套试题不含英语听力 第一部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文，从学科网每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。
并在答题 卡上将该选项涂黑．AArriving in Sydney on his own from India, my husband, zxxk Rashid, stayed in a hotel for a short time while looking for a short time while looking for a house for me and our children. During the first week of his stay, he went out one day to do some shopping. He came back in the late afternoon to discover that his suitcase was gone. He was extremely worried as the suitcase had all his important papers, including his passport. He reported the case to the police and then sat there， lost and lonely in strange city, thinking of the terrible troubles of getting all the paperwork organized again from a distant country while trying to settle down in a new one. zxxk Late in the evening, the phone rang. It was a stranger. He was trying to pronounce my husband‘s name and was asking him a lot of questions. Then he said they had found a pile of papers in their trash can（垃圾桶）that had been left out on the footpath. My husband rushed to their home to find a kind family holding all his papers and documents. Their young daughter had gone to the trash can and found a pile of unfamiliar papers. Her parents had carefully sorted them out, although they had found mainly foreign addresses on most of the documents. At last they had seen a half-written letter in the pile in which my husband had given his new telephone number to a friend.
That family not only restored the important documents to us that day but also restored our faith and trust in people. We still remember their kindness and often send a warm wish their way. 1. What did Rashid plan to do after his arrival in Sydney? A. Go shopping B. Find a house C. Join his family D. Take his family 2. The girl‘s parents got Rashid‘s phone number from_______. A. a friend of his family B. a Sydney policeman C. a letter in his papers D. a stranger in Sydney 3. What does the underlined word ―restored‖ in the last paragraph mean? A. Showed B. Sent out C. Delivered D. Gave back 4. Which of the following can be the best title for the text? A. From India to Australia. B. Living in a a New Country. C. Turning Trash to Treasure. D. In Search of New Friends. zxxkBSince the first Earth Day in 1970,American have gotten a lot ―greener‖ toward the environment . ―We didn‘t know at that time there even was an environment, let alone that there was a problem with it,‖ says Bruce Anderson, president of Earth Day USA. But what began as nothing important in public affairs has grown into a social movement .Business people, political leaders, university professors, and especially millions of grass-roots Americans are taking part in the movement. ―The understanding has increased many ,many times,‖ says Gaylord Nelson, the former governor from Wisconsin, who thought up the first. According to US government reports , emissions (排放)from cars and trucks have dropped from 10.3 million tons a year to 5.5 tons .The number of cities producing CO beyond the
standard has been reduced from 40 to 9 .Although serious problems still remain and need to be dealt with , the world is a safer and healthier place .A kind of ―Green thinking ‖ has become part of practices . Great improvement has been achieved .In 1988 there were only 600 recycling programs ,; today in 1995 there are about 6,600 .Advanced lights ,motors , and building designs have helped save a lot of energy and therefore prevented pollution . Twenty –five years ago , there were hardly any education programs for environment .Today , it‘s hard to find a public school , university , or law school that does not have such a kind of program .‖ Until we do that , nothing else will change! ‖ say BruceAnderson .http://www.ccutu.com/ 5 According to Anderson , before 1970, Americans had little idea about ___ A. the social movement B. recycling techniqueszxxk C. environmental problems D. the importance of Earth Day 6 Where does the support for environmental protection mainly come from? A. The grass –roots level B. The business circle C. Government officials D. University professors 7. What have \Americans achieved in environmental protection ? A. They have cut car emissions to the lowest B. They have settled their environmental problems C. They have lowered their CO levels in forty cities. D. They have reduced pollution through effective measures . 8. What is especially important for environmental protection according to the last paragraph ? A. Education B. Planning C. Green living D. CO reductionC
One of the latest trend （趋势）in American Childcare is Chinese au pairs. Au Pair in Stamford, for example, has got increasing numbers of request for Chinese au pairs from aero to around 4,000 since 2004. And that‘s true all across the country. ―I thought it would be useful for him to learn Chinese at an early age‖ Joseph Stocke, the managing director of s company, says of his 2-year old son. ―I would at least like to give him the chance to use the language in the future,‖ After only six months of being cared by 25-year-old woman from China, the boy can already understand basic Chinese daily expressions, his dad says. zxxk Li Drake, a Chinese native raising two children in Minnesota with an American husband, had another reason for looking for an au pair from China. She didn‘t want her children to miss out on their roots.‖ Because I am Chinese, my husband and I wanted the children to keep exposed to(接 触) the language and culture.‖ she says. ―Staying with a native speaker is better for children than simply sitting in a classroom,‖ says Suzanne Flynn, a professor in language education of Children.‖ But parents must understand that just one year with au pair is unlikely to produce wonders. Complete mastery demands continued learning until the age of 10 or 12.‖ The popularity if au pairs from china has been strengthened by the increasing numbers of American parents who want their children who want their children to learn Chinese. It is expected that American demand for au pairs will continue to rise in the next few years.有途高考网 http://gaokao.ccutu.com 整理 9.What does that term‖ au pair‖ in the text mean? A. A mother raising her children on her own B. A child learning a foreign language at home C. A professor in language education of children D. A young foreign woman taking care of children. 10. Li Drake has her children study Chinese because she wants them ______. A. to live in China some day B. to speak the language at home C. to catch up wit other children D. to learn about the Chinese culture 11. What can we infer from the text? A. Learning Chinese is becoming popular In America, B. Educated woman do better in looking after children
C. Chinese au pairs need to improve their English Skills. D. Children can learn a foreign language well in six months. zxxkD Metro Pocket GuideMetrorail(地铁) Each passenger needs a farecard to enter and go out. Up to two children under ago five may travel free with a paying customer. Farecard machine are in every station, Bring small bills because there are no change machines in the station and farecard machine only provide up to $ 5 in change. Get one of unlimited Metrorail rides with a One Day Pass. Buy it from a farecard machine in Metro stations. Use it after 9:30 a.m. until closing on weekdays, and all day on weekends and holidays. Hours of Service Open: 5 a.m Mon-Fri 7a.m. Sat—Sun . Close midnight Sun—Thur. Last train time vary. To avoid missing the last train, please check the last train time posted in the station. Metrobus When paying with exact change, the fare is $ 1.35 . when paying with a smatTrip CARD the fare is $1.25 Fares for the Senior /disabled customers Senior citizens 65 and older and disabled customers may ride for half the regular fare. On Metrorail and Metrobus, use a senior/disabled farecard or SmarTrip card. For more information about buying senior/disabled farecards, farecard or SmarTripR card and passes, please visit MetroOpenDoors.com or call 202-637-7000 and 202-637-8000. Senior citizens and disabled customers can get free guide on how to use proper Metrobus and Metrorail services by calling 202-962-1100 Travel tips . avoid riding during weekday rush periods –before 9:30 a.m. and between 4 and 6 p.m. . if you lose something on a bus or train or in a station, please call Lost & Found at 202-962-1195. 12. what should you know about farecard machine?
A. They start selling tickets at 9:30 a.m. B. They are connected to change machines. C. They offer special service to the elderly. D. They make change for no more than $5. zxxk 13. At what time does Metrorail stop service on Saturday? A. At midnight B. at 3 a.m. C. at 5 am D. at 7 p.m. 14. What is good about a SmarTrip card? A. It is convenient for old people B. It saves money for its users C. it can be bought at any time D. it is sold on the Internet. 15. Which number should you call if you lose something on the Metro? A. 202-962-1195 B.202-962-1100 C.202-673-7000 D.202-673-8000 第二节(共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。
Tips for cooking on a Tight Schedule From my experience, there are three main reasons why people don‘t cook more often: ability, money and time, ____16__Money is a topic I‘ll save for another day. So today I want to give you some wisdom about how to make the most of the time you spend in the kitchen. Here are three tips for great cooking on a tight schedule: 1. Think ahead. The moments when I think cooking is a pain are when I‘m already hungry and there is nothing ready to eat. So think about of the coming week. When will you have time to cook? Do you have the right materials ready?_____17___ 2. Make your time worth it. When you do find time to cook a meal, make the most of it and save yourself time later on. Are you making one loaf of bread? ___18___ it takes around the same amount of time to make more of something. So save yourself the effort for a future meal. 3. ____19____ This may surprise you, but one of the best tools for making cooking worth your time is experimentation. It gives you the chance to hit upon new ideas and recipes that can work well with your appetite and schedule. The more you learn and the more you try, the more ability you have to take control of your food and your schedule. Hopefully that gives you a good start. ____20___ and don‘t let a busy schedule discourage you from making some great changes in the way you eat and live!
A. Try new things. zxxk B. Ability is easily improved. C. Make three or four instead. D. Understand your food better. E. Cooking is a burden for many people. F. Let cooking and living simply be a joy rather than a burden. G. A little time planning ahead can save a lot of work later on. 第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A, B, C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Joe Simpson and Simon Yates were the first people to climb the West Face of the Siula Grande in the Andes mountains. They reached the top __21_____, but on their way back conditions were very _22______. Joe fell and broke his leg. They both knew that if Simon __23_____ alone, he would probably get back _24______. But Simon decided to risk his __25_____ and try to lower Joe down the mountain on a rope（绳）. As they __26_____ down, the weather got worse. Then another ___27____ occurred. They couldn‘t see or hear each other and, ___28____, Simon lowered his friend over the edge of a precipice（峭壁）. It was ___29____ for Joe to climb back or for Simon to pull him up. Joe‘s __30_____ was pulling Simon slowly towards the precipice. ___31____, after more than an hour in the dark and the icy cold, Simon had to __32_____. In tears, he cut the rope. Joe __33_____ into a large crevasse（裂缝）in the ice below. He had no food or water and he was in terrible pain. He couldn‘t walk, but he __34_____ to get out of the crevasse and started to ___35____ towards their camp, nearly ten kilometers __36_____. Simon had ___37____ the camp at the foot of the mountain. He thought that Joe must be __38_____, but he didn‘t want to leave ___39____. Three days later, in the middle of the night, he heard Joe‘s voice. He couldn‘t ___40____ it. Joe was there, a few meters from their tent, still alive. 21.A. hurriedly B. carefully .C. successfully D. early 22. A. difficult B. similar C. special D. normal 23. A. climbed B. worked C. rested . D. continued zxxk 24. A. unwillingly B. safely C. slowly D. regretfully 25. A. fortune B. time C. health D. life
26. A. lay B. settled C. went D. looked 27. A. damage B. storm C. change D. trouble 28. A. by mistake B. by chance C. by chance D. by luck 29. A. unnecessary B. practical C. important D. impossible 30. A. height B. weight C. strength .D. equipment 31. A. Finally B. Patiently .C. Surely D. Quickly 32. A. stand back B. take a rest C. make a decision .D. hold on 33. A. jumped B. fell C. escaped D. backed 34. A. managed B. planned C. waited D. hoped 35. A. run B. skate C. move D. march 36. A. around B. away C. above D. along 37. A. headed for B. travelled C. left for D. returned to 38. A. dead B. hurt C. weak D. late 39. A. secretly B. tiredly .C. immediately D. anxiously 40. A. find B. believe C. make D. accept.第二卷第三部分 英语知识运用 zxxk 第二节 （共 10 分；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。
One morning, I was waiting at the bus stop, worried about __41___ (be) late for school. There were many people waiting at the bus stop, ___42____ some of them looked very anxious and ___43__ (disappoint) . when the bus finally came, we all hurried on board. I got a place next ____44___ the window, so I had a good view of the sidewalk. A boy on a bike ____45___ (catch ) my attention. He was riding beside the bus and waving his arms. I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver, but he refused ____46___ (stop) until we reached the next stop. Still, the boy kept ____47___(ride). He was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting. Finally, when we came to the next stop, the boy ran up the door of the bus. I heard an excited conversation. Then the driver stood up and asked, “____48___ anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?‖ A woman on the bus shouted, ―Oh, dear! It ‗s ____49___ (I )‖. She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase thankfully, Five others
on the bus began talking about what the boy had done and the crowd of strangers _____(sudden) became friendly to one another. 第三部分：写作(共两节，满分 35 分) 第一节短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。
文中共 有 10 处错误，每句中最多有两处。
注意： 1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。
My dream school starts at 8:30 a.m and ends at 3:30 p.m. They are threezxxk lesson in the morning and two in the afternoon. We didn‘t need to do so many homework. Therefore , we have more time with after-school activities. For example, we can do reading for one and a half hour and play sport for one hour every day. My dream school look like a big garden. There are all kinds of the flowers and trees around the classroom, buildings. We can lie on the grass for a rest, sat by the lake listening music. The teachers here are kind and helpfully. They are not only our teachers but also our friends. 第二节 书面表达 (25 分) 一家英语报社向中学生征文， 主题是 “十年后的我” 、 请根据下列要求和你的想象完成短文、 1、 家庭 2、 工作 3、 业余生活 注意：1、次数 100 左右；2、可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯；3. 开头语已为 你写好 I often imagine what my life will be like in the future. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ __________________2014 年全国统一考试新课标 II 卷英 语
参考答案 1—5 BCCBC 6—10 ADADD 11—15 ADBBA 16—20 BGCAF 21—25 CADBD 26—30 CDADB 31—35 ACBAC 36—40 BDACB 41. being 42. and 43. disappointed 44. to 45. caught 46. to stop 47. riding 48.did 49. me/mine 50. suddenly My dream school starts at 8:30 a.m. and ends at 3:30 p.m. They are three lesson There in the morning and two in the afternoon. We didn‘t need to do so many homework. don‘t much Therefore , we have more time with after-school activities. For example, zxxk we can do reading for for one and a half hour and play sport for one hour every day. hours My dream school look like a big garden. There are all kinds of the flowers looks and trees around the classroom, buildings. We can lie on the grass for a rest, sat by the sit lake listening∧ music. The teachers here are kind and helpfully. They are not only our to helpful teachers but also our friends. zxxk 五：one Possible Version I often imagine what my life will be like in the future. I think my life will be very different in ten years. I will be twenty-eight years old by then. I will have my own family. Probably with a lovely child. I hope I will work in a computer company as a program designer. I will enjoy my work and get along well with my colleagues, I will do a good job in whatever I do. In my free time, I will continue to take regular exercise, such as swimming, running and various ball games. On my holidays, I will travel around the world. In a word, my life will be much richer and more colorful.